What is the National Broadband Network ?

National Broadband Network (NBN)

The NBN is a faster and more reliable broadband internet service. It uses fibre optic cable technology to deliver faster and more stable broadband internet. It will soon replace older copper networks in order to keep up with current technology and the increasingly complex demands of online Australia. This is through a major nationwide roll out process that’s expected to stretch until 2020.

The online demands of Australia are dramatically changing and increasing. This applies to individual users; to residential users and groups; and to business and corporate use. Only the NBN can address their speed, performance, and data needs with a more reliable connection. All other previous formats now fall short and are considered minimal when used on modern telecommunications and technologies.

The NBN is a wholesale service owned and operated by the Australian Federal Government. It is represented by the NBN Company, and is distributed nationally by retail service providers (RSP’s) to designated areas and regions across the country. They handle the application process to the final installation of the NBN in the subscriber’s premises. RSP’s are also responsible for customer service, billing, maintenance, tech support, and other direct subscribership services.

Retailers offer the NBN as a plain unbundled service, or as a plan or bundle with accompanying devices and or services. Some of the most popular include Internet TV bundles, game consoles, tablets, mobile phones, and other inclusive offers. They come with different terms and conditions, as well as lower or discounted rates. They may also have or not have locked in contracts, and peak or off peak hours. These terms differ from retailer to retailer.

NBN Network Types

You can get the NBN in different formats. All of them are dependent on what the area status is, what available facilities are present, the current technology installed, and what is suitable for a specific area.

Fixed Wireless NBN: Available mostly in regional and rural areas, distributed via NBN wireless towers over distances that are not reachable by regular fibre cable connections.
Fibre to the node (FTTN): It uses an existing copper based network already available at the premises to bring the NBN connection from the outside, with the help of an NBN cabinet.
Fibre to the premises (FTTP): This is the most ideal NBN connection, wherein the connection is pure fibre all the way through, from the source connection point to the premises.
Hybrid Fibre Coaxial (HFC): An existing Cable TV or Pay TV network connection already exists and is used to connect to the NBN. There is an NBN device used here that needs a power source.
Fibre to the Building (FTTB): A multiple distribution NBN connection for buildings and communities. FTTB also uses a cabinet that serves as the distribution point for the individual premises in the property.
Satellite NBN: Available to distant and offshore areas unreachable by Fixed Wireless NBN. Satellites orbiting above the coverage area receive transmissions from ground stations and transmit them to satellite dish receivers at the subscriber’s premises.